Education for Sustainable Development (ESD)
Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) allows everyone to acquire the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values necessary to actively take part in shaping a sustainable future. ESD means including key sustainable development wicked issues – e.g. climate change, poverty reduction, disaster risk, sustainable consumption, refugees and biodiversity – into teaching and learning. It also means creating participatory teaching methods and high-quality learning environment that allow for learners to co-create their world and future.
ESD promotes competencies like critical thinking, action competence, future scenarios skills and collaborative decision-making. ESD deals with curricula and learning content, pedagogy and learning environments, learning outcomes, and social transformation in formal, non-formal and in-formal settings.