BONUS RETURN - Reducing Emissions by Turning Nutrients and Carbon into Benefits
The overall aim of RETURN is to improve the adaptation and adoption of eco-technologies in the Baltic Sea Region for maximum efficiency and increased co-benefits.
The specific objectives of the project can be divided into 5 interlinked categories. RETURN will:
- Support innovation and market uptake of eco-technologies,
- Reduce knowledge gaps on policy performance, enabling/constraining factors, and costs and benefits of eco-technologies,
- Provide a framework for improved systematic stakeholder involvement,
- Support commercialization of eco- technologies, and
- Establish a user-driven knowledge platform and improve technology-user interface.
RETURN will identify and assess promising emerging eco-technologies that will be supported by transdisciplinary analysis of the capacity of eco-technologies’ to address multiple sustainability challenges. The co-enquiry process with stakeholders will support evidence based reviews and a sustainability analysis of a number of selected technologies.
A comparative case study analysis will be applied that engages local businesses, civil society and public authorities in three case studies in Finland, Sweden and Poland. To ensure this research has regional relevance, it will be conducted in close collaboration with existing networks such as RFTB and local businesses across the Region. SWEDESD is responsible for one part of six on Innovative Methods in Stakeholder Engagement. This involves:
- A Serious Game System Development,
- Consultations with local stakeholders in each catchment area,
- Capacity building for exchange of knowledge and learning at the regional level, and
- National Focal Points’ Coordination.
SWEDESD is, in its role as the national focal point for the Global Action Programme on ESD in Sweden and the lead partner for UNESCO in the enactment of Action Area 3, responsible for the active fostering of scaling in and of the project. Scaling as a concept is a response to the shortcomings of more linear traditions often referred to as the transfer of technology or first order approaches. In contrast to the first order tradition which focuses on just technical innovation to address the “object” (the eutrophication status of the marine environment), scaling as a second order tradition focuses on technical innovations to address the “relationships” to the object, i.e. also qualitative aspects of the scaling process. Thus far the Baltic Sea Region policy environment, and the measures and technologies it promotes, predominantly fall under the first order tradition. In the enactment of a scaling approach, RETURN will focus on eco-technologies that address the relationships between nutrients and key interconnected challenges. Thus cognisant that every context is defined by different relationships, the scaling of the eco-technology is supported by a deliberative approach and scaling model, Re-Solve, developed by SWEDESD and partners, that surfaces the needs, values and priorities that determine its relevance.