ESD in Mongolia

The Mongolian government has recognised the urgency of creating an environmentally, socially and economically sustainable future. This project has the aim to support the ongoing integration of Education for Sustainable Development into the Mongolian school system, society and the economy.

The objective is to engage and motivate key stakeholders in the Mongolian community to create an institutional and organisational framework that is conducive for sustainable development. A nationwide social movement is being fostered in the education system, including all 628 primary and secondary public schools. Educational institutions will in turn collaborate with communities and green businesses to mainstream sustainable development. Led by the country’s own commitment and ownership, Mongolia’s national reform of ESD is unique in the world.

As a result of the mining boom, Mongolia is one of the fastest growing countries in the world. However, economic growth alone doesn’t lead to sustainable development. Minerals-dependent industrialisation brings threats to the ecological balance, including pollution, water shortages, land degradation, and exploitation of natural resources. With rapid urbanisation, Mongolian society is challenged by dynamic socio-cultural changes, insecurities in everyday life and materialism. The community has now recognised the importance of working intensely with shifting from a brown economy to a green one and that a vital part of that is integrating sustainable development in its education system. The Government of Mongolia has initiated a comprehensive reform process to mainstream Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) and to create a green economy.

Quality education designed with the purpose of empowering young people to address ecological, social, economic and cultural issues is crucial in preparing communities for a sustainable future. While fostering sustainable development through the education system, the ESD simultaneously applies an equitable sustainability approach for the whole of society, including vulnerable groups, public institutions, the business community, civil society, institutional and legal frameworks, and public awareness-raising.

  • Duration 2015-2017
  • Partners The Government of Mongolia, GIZ – Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit, Tyskland, University of Teacher Education Zug, Schweiz
  • Funder Swiss Agency for Development and Coperation
  • Contact Leif Östman,

Read more

Education for Sustainable Development Progress Report 2017 (pdf)